Objective: To collect baseline monitoring data employing the developed monitorin system in some selected important coastal ecosystems

Collect baseline monitoring data

Biodiversity/ecosystem will be monitored for a period of 2 years to generate baseline data on the selected indicators, to which future monitoring data could be checked for displaying the changes in the indicators. The data will be collected monthly by paying field visits by project staff to display the seasonal variations using pre-designed data collection formats.

 

Collection of water quality data

water quality parameters, including pH, salinity, conductivity, hardness, etc. will be monitored from statistically valid number of sampling stations of each ecosystem on a bi-monthly basis by using Water Quality Test Kit.

 

Collection of plankton data

Planktons are responsive to any environmental perturbations. Climate changes is likely to cause changes in water quality, temperature, salinity and others and thus are likely to cause changes in species composition and abundance of the planktonic communities. Total estimates for both zooplankton and phytoplankton will be made, separately. As with water quality, water samples for plankton counts will be taken bi-monthly from statistically valid number of sampling stations of each ecosystem. Plankton net of 70 um diameter will be used to collect plankton samples
 

Monitoring of plant and animal species

The selected indicators species, both plant and animals, will be monitored bi-monthly by paying field visits. Sampling will be done from different pre-determined stations of each ecosystem under study. Appropriate guide and reference books, field guides, etc will be used. Transects counts, plot counts, quadrate sampling techniques will be used to be able to estimate the density of each indicator.

 

Further details of the conceptual framework are given in Annex

Engage stakeholders, school students and local community in  biodiversity monitoring and form a network Dialogue will be held with local research institutes, Government departments for their participation in data collection. Similarly, school students will also be engaged in collecting data on certain indicators. As a strategy, school based nature clubs will be formed and they will be provided with monitoring logistics. Nature clubs will be formed in 20 local schools. In the project area, there are a number of community based organizations, they could also be engaged in monitoring certain indicators. The skills of the community people and nature club students in biodiversity monitoring will be developed through training on local biodiversity monitoring and providing backstopping support by holding regular meetings.A network of institutions interested in ecosystem and biodiversity monitoring in the coastal areas of Cox’s Bazaar will be formed. Network meetings will be held to consolidate the commitments.
 

Develop database for data entry and data analysis

The monitoring data will be regularly fed into the computers for analysis. A database for the purpose will be developed with the help of an expert. The database will be compatible to the data collection proformas. Before entry, data will be checked for its validity. The database will be linked to analytical software which will allow statistical analysis. The database will have provision for display the trends in changes in the monitored indicators.

 

Analyze data to obtain data outputs

As soon as the completed data forms from the field reaches to Head office, the data will immediately be fed into computers and be subsequently analyzed for data outputs.

 

Develop a web for data storage and inspection

All data, principally in processed form, will be stored electronically in a website, dedicated for the purpose under direction of MoEF. This will allow the relevant people to inspect the information as well as post their own data collected following a similar method.

 

Objective:To assess the potential impacts of climate change on ecosystem, biodiversity and local people

Review secondary information about climate change induced impacts

A comprehensive review of literatures from home and abroad will be undertaken to understand the possible impacts of climate change on coastal ecosystem. These will give huge ideas what might happen in our coastal ecosystem and help in identifying the potential impacts in the locality.

 

Collect local level perceptions about climate change and its impacts

Local people are already experiencing the effects of climate change and they have their perceptions about change that are taking place in their environment and its resources. This knowledge would be captured by conducting FGD and PRA techniques with participation of local community
 

Identify potential impacts of climate change on coastal ecosystem

Consultation will be made with a number of experts to collect their opinion about the climate change impacts on coastal ecosystems. Based on the local knowledge and expert opinion potential impacts of climate change on local ecosystems and local livelihood will be identified. A synthesized report with recommendations on the impacts would be then made
 

Objective:To identify and recommend adaptation strategies to climate change

Document local coping strategies to climate change

The local people has already been experiencing climate change and disaster induced effects and they have inherently developed some strategies to cope with the changing situation. We will document these local coping strategies in the area of fisheries, agriculture, protection of houses, boats and assets through conducting PRA techniques.

 

Develop adaptation strategies and prepare a guideline on local level adaptation to climate change

The local coping strategies could be improved by blending with science-based knowledge. Once the local coping strategies are documented, we will consult relevant experts for their opinion on the development of adaptation strategies. Based on the local coping strategies and expert opinion, we will develop adaptation strategies on agriculture, fisheries, livelihood of local people, protection to boat, houses and other assets of the coastal communities. These developed adaptation strategies will be published in the form of a guideline.